Having this disease is not the same thing as having AIDS. There are many HIV-positive people who live for years without showing symptoms or developing the disease. But they can transmit the virus to other people through unprotected sexual intercourse, sharing contaminated syringes or from mother to child during pregnancy and breastfeeding when they do not take the proper prevention measures.
Some symptoms of HIV, according to healthline:
Sore throat can be an early indication of infection. This can be an early symptom as the body reacts to viral infection. It can also occur later in illness because the immune system becomes compromised. A sore throat can be caused by sores in the mouth or oesophagus, and ulcers. Chronic sore throat problems should be examined by your doctor.
Body aches and pains
Muscle aches and joint pain are the most common HIV symptoms that occur at the beginning of a cold. This can be caused by swollen lymph nodes or by rheumatic diseases.
Look out for fever as one of the main symptoms of HIV. Early on after being infected you may experience flu-like symptoms. This may include a low-grade fever that does not respond to medication. You may experience night sweats as a response to the fever. Also, it is an inflammatory reaction to the virus entering your bloodstream.
A persistent dry cough can be a long-term symptom of the infection. This symptom is usually not cured with medicines such as antibiotics. However, coughing can be an early symptom as the body reacts to the new virus.
It is also a symptom caused by long-term damage to the immune system. In addition, coughing can cause pneumonia, which can be a serious symptom with dangerous effects.
Swollen lymph nodes
Swollen lymph nodes can be one of the main symptoms of early HIV. In addition, about 67% of those with this disease may experience some type of lymph node swelling. This usually occurs in the neck, under the arms, and groin area.
Headache can develop into debilitating chronic migraines. In addition, the chronic migraine aftermath in one person lasts approximately 15 or more days per month.
50% of infected people will experience headaches as a symptom, while 27% will experience chronic migraines.
Fatigue is one of the most under-reported major symptoms of HIV. Many people suffer from chronic fatigue but do not realize it is a medical condition. Chronic fatigue is tiredness that cannot be relieved with rest.
Fatigue is first reported in the flu-like symptoms that accompany the early stages. Also, once this phase is complete, fatigue may not appear until AIDS develops.
Weight loss is one of the main symptoms of HIV in infected individuals and is common through the progression of the disease. When first infected, flu-like symptoms can cause nausea, diarrhea, and vomiting.
However, this may cause temporary weight loss. As the disease progresses, the weight loss may be caused by a condition called “AIDS.”