According to an article written by Mayo Clinic, unhealthy behaviors and underlying conditions contribute to sleep disturbances. The world appears bright after a good night’s sleep. However, the situation changes when sleep is frequently interrupted.
A lack of sleep impairs cognition and makes it easier to become irritable and anxious. Insufficient sleep increases the risk of obesity, hypertension, heart disease, diabetes, and even premature death over the long term. Consequently, it is essential to identify the source of sleep disruptions.
Occasionally, older adults awaken early in the morning when they believe they should still be sleeping. However, this frequently reflects your sleeping and waking schedule rather than sleep disruption.
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One of the most common causes of sleep disruption is a lifestyle, which may include any of the following:
Alcohol consumption within four hours of bedtime. A nightcap may help you fall asleep, but it can disrupt your sleep later in the night and increase your bathroom trips.
Consuming within a few hours of going to bed. When lying down with a full stomach, heartburn can occur, making it difficult to fall asleep and remain asleep.
Taking too many naps. Long naps in the afternoon or later make it more difficult to fall asleep and stay asleep at night.
3. Consuming excessive caffeine.
Caffeine (found in coffee, tea, and soda) inhibits the sleep-inducing chemical adenosine. Avoid caffeine-containing foods and beverages after the early afternoon. Changing these habits can help reduce sleep disturbances, sometimes immediately.
4. Some medications
Certain medications may induce nighttime awakenings. Examples include some antidepressants, beta-blockers used to treat hypertension, alcoholic remedies for the common cold as well as inflammation or asthma treatment with corticosteroids.
5. It may be due to an underlying condition.
Numerous chronic health conditions can disrupt a restful night’s sleep. These are among the most prevalent in old age:
Anxiety and depression can make it difficult to fall asleep and stay asleep. Sleep apnea: Sleep apnea, which causes brief pauses in breathing at night and leads to daytime drowsiness, may be indicated by loud snoring and brief awakenings during the night.
Change your lifestyle if you believe it is interfering with your sleep, or discuss with your doctor ways to treat or possibly investigate underlying causes.