The ability of the immune system to combat infection is damaged by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). If HIV is not treated, it can develop into AIDS. At the beginning of the AIDS epidemic in the 1980s, HIV-positive individuals rapidly contracted devastating illnesses. Contrarily, modern pharmaceuticals assist in lowering the level of the virus in the blood, enabling HIV-positive people to live healthier, longer lives and prevent the development of AIDS.
In the US, over a million people are living with HIV, and one in seven of them are uninformed of their condition. It might be challenging to identify HIV symptoms. Within a month or two following HIV infection, 40–90% of people experience acute retroviral syndrome, or flu-like symptoms (ARS). However, after infection, HIV symptoms can not appear for several years, if not a decade.
According to “Healthline”, If a person starts to experience any of the symptoms listed below, they should get tested for HIV.
1. Frequent high fever.
A mild fever of up to 102 degrees F may be one of the first signs of HIV. Other mild symptoms, including fatigue, swollen lymph nodes, and a scratchy throat, are commonly present when a fever is present. Since it has gotten into the bloodstream, the virus is now actively multiplying massively.
2. Sudden skin rashes.
Skin rashes can develop early on or later in an HIV infection, and they may even be an early sign of AIDS. Bacterial, viral, or skin-yeast overgrowth on the skin could be to blame for the rashes.
This served as yet another red flag that his condition wasn’t as simple as allergies or a cold. On the arms, they appeared to boil and had some bothersome pink spots. Any area of the body is susceptible to rashes.
3. Sudden weight loss.
Chronic diarrhea may contribute to weight loss, sometimes referred to as “AIDS wasting,” which is a sign of severe HIV infection.
Your immune system is probably already weak if you’re already losing weight. This patient has maintained a healthy weight loss while eating as much as is practical. This presentation will take place after business hours. These are still very common. Contrarily, antiretroviral therapy has made it less prevalent.
4. Persistent dry cough.
Coughing up dry mucus is the first sign that is sometimes ignored. It’s simple to think it’s an allergic reaction gone awry. The problem, however, persisted for a year and a half and only became worse. The issue would not be resolved by antibiotics, Benadryl, or inhalers. Doctors of allergy were also ignorant.
The “insidious cough” that characterizes this symptom could linger for weeks and doesn’t appear to go away.
5. Night sweats.
Nearly 50% of those who have HIV experience nocturnal sweating in the early stages of the disease. The body’s reaction to overheating or an effort to fight off an infectious disease is this HIV symptom. Later in the infection, night sweats become more frequent and are unrelated to activity level or the outside temperature.